Juvenile Law

location1433 3rd St, Floresville, TX 78114


TX defense lawyerHalloween can be tough for teenagers - they are too old to trick-or-treat but too young to join the costumed crowd in the local bar. Every year, there is an uptick in juvenile crime around Halloween as teenagers celebrate the holiday in their own way. Most teen lawbreaking around the fall holiday involves minor crimes, like vandalism, but petty crime can progress into more serious criminal activity.

Unfortunately for parents, there is no worse Halloween night trick than getting a phone call saying their son or daughter is in jail. If your minor child gets arrested for any reason this Halloween season, getting them a lawyer should be your main priority - a skilled attorney can potentially help avoid a criminal record that could follow your teen for life.

What Crimes Do Juveniles Often Commit Around Halloween?

Teen mischief has been a Halloween tradition for a long time. However, some teens go too far and end up committing crimes. It does not help that many costumes include masks, which may lead teens to feel emboldened to break the law. Around Halloween, teens often get arrested for:


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A parent’s worst nightmare is seeing their child hurt in any way, even if they have done wrong. For minors who are convicted of a crime, the consequences that follow the trial can be devastating for both the child and their parent. The child will be held accountable for their actions through the juvenile justice system, either through fines, probation, or even time behind bars, and the parent is left uncertain of how to proceed. Unless you or your child have been previously convicted by the juvenile court, you likely have little knowledge of what the proceedings entail and what rights you have as a parent. If it is your first experience with the Texas juvenile justice system, there are some things that you should know, including how your actions can lead to your own set of criminal charges.

Entry of Orders Against Parents

In Texas, those tried through the juvenile justice system are 17 years or younger. At this age, children have limited capabilities to earn enough money to pay off fines, court costs, and any other fees associated with facing a criminal conviction. Because minors lack the ability to fully support themselves, the court can order the minor’s parents to do, or not to do, certain actions throughout the trial, including:


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Similar to parental rules or regulations set by schools, minors have more legal restrictions than those over the age of 18. This is meant to protect the children and keep them on the right track while moving toward adulthood. According to Texas law, there are two types of misconduct that can place a child under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. Conduct Indicating a Need for Supervision (CINS) cases and delinquent conduct can both leave a stain on the minor’s record. It is important to know the difference between the two and understand what conduct falls within each category to keep your child out of the criminal justice system.

Minor Criminal Offenses

CINS cases include minor criminal offenses, aside from traffic violations, and these offenses will be tried by the juvenile court. There are six types of CINS offenses listed by the Texas legislature, including any fineable offense, running away, inhalant abuse, school expulsion, prostitution, and sexting. As you can see, not all of these offenses would apply to those over the age of 18. Because these offenses are considered relatively minor, the child will face varying levels of probation, but they cannot be sentenced to jail or prison. 


Abogado de defensa juvenil del condado de WilsonLa audiencia inicial en un caso juvenil se llama audiencia de detención. Es la primera vez que verá a su hijo en la corte y la primera vez que su juez tendrá la oportunidad de hablar con usted, su abogado y su hijo.

¿Qué determina la liberación de mi hijo?

Entonces el juez en las audiencias puede hacer dos cosas. La primera es que harán una búsqueda de causa probable basada en el testimonio de la oficina de libertad condicional, informes policiales, videos, fotos para determinar si hay o no razones para creer que su hijo cometió un delito. Si hacen ese hallazgo, pasarán a la segunda parte de la audiencia, que es la gran parte: la determinación de liberación o detención. En ese proceso de toma de decisiones, el juez observará el Código Familiar de Texas que establece un criterio en el cual los niños deben ser liberados y cuándo deben ser detenidos.

¿Cuáles son algunos aspectos a tener en cuenta sobre la audiencia de mi hijo?

Hay un par de cosas a tener en cuenta: la primera es que las audiencias de detención juvenil ocurren muy rápidamente, generalmente dentro de las 48 horas posteriores al arresto. Entonces recibirá la terrible llamada telefónica de que tu hijo ha sido arrestado y luego, poco después, recibirá una segunda llamada para avisarte que se acerca la audiencia en la corte. La segunda cosa a tener en cuenta es que tiene derecho a tener a su abogado presente y a defender la liberación de su hijo en esta audiencia. La tercera cosa a tener en cuenta es que si su hijo es detenido, será detenido en un centro de detención local, que es muy parecido a una cárcel, con la excepción de que no hay adultos allí. Si su hijo es detenido, lo será hasta por 10 días hábiles antes de que sea elegible para una subsecuente audiencia de detención y otra oportunidad para convencer al juez de que libere a su hijo.


Wilson County juvenile defense attorneyThe initial hearing in a juvenile case is called the detention hearing. It's the first time you'll see your child in court and the first time your judge will have an opportunity to speak with you, your attorney and your child.

What determines my child's release?

So the judge in the hearings can do two things. The first is they're gonna make a probable cause finding based on testimony from the probation office, police reports, videos, pictures to make that determination as to whether or not there's reason to believe your child committed a crime. If they do make that finding, they'll be on to the second part of the hearing which is the big part -- the release or detain determination. In that decision-making process, the judge willl look to the Texas Family Code which lays out a criteria in which children should be released and when they should be detained.

What are some aspects to keep in mind about my child's hearing?

A couple things to keep in mind -- the first is that juvenile detention hearings happen very quickly, usually within 48 hours of the arrest. So you're gonna get the terrible phone call that your child has been arrested and then very shortly after you're gonna get a second phone call letting you know they have court coming up. The second thing to keep in mind is that you do have a right to have your attorney present and arguing for your child's release at this hearing. The third thing to keep in mind is that if your child is detained they'll be detained in a local detention center, which is a lot like a jail with the exception that no adults are there. If your child is detained, they'll be detained for up to 10 working days before they'll be eligible for a subsequent detention hearing and another shot at convincing the judge to release your child.

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